Based on the text provided, the key artifacts that could be described in an academic paper include:

– Images/Illustrations:

1. “A Society of Patriotic Ladies” (1774) – A British cartoon mocking the Edenton, NC women who signed a boycott pledge. Depicts fashionable women neglecting children and acting unfeminine. Indicates British perceptions of rebellious colonial women.

2. Miss Fanny’s Maid (1770) – Drawing of a woman holding a musket, possibly inspired by stories of women who fought in the Revolutionary War in male disguise. Used for patriotic propaganda about women’s contributions.

3. “The Female Combatants” (1776) – Satirical engraving depicting Britain and the American colonies as women engaged in a fistfight, with symbolic items. Provides insight into contemporary views on the conflict.

4. “Liberty in the Form of the Goddess of Youth” (1796) – Patriotic image of the goddess Liberty nourishing an eagle, representing the young American republic. Indicates the popularity of using female figures to symbolize American ideals.

5. “Liberty Displaying the Arts and Sciences” (1792) – Unusual in combining image of Liberty with freed slaves, hinting at link between revolutionary ideology and abolition. Shows how reformers used art to promote their causes.

– Portraits:

1. Deborah Sampson (1797) – Painting of woman soldier who disguised herself as a man to fight in the Revolutionary War. Documents a little-known part of women’s war participation.

2. Phillis Wheatley (1773) – Frontispiece portrait of first published African American woman poet, emphasizes her literacy and status as author.

3. Mercy Otis Warren (1763) – Feminine portrait of woman writer and historian of the Revolution. Conveys her elite status and intellectual accomplishments.

4. Mum Bett/Elizabeth Freeman (1811) – Post-emancipation portrait of former slave, plaintiff in 1781 freedom suit that helped end slavery in Massachusetts. Rare visual documentation of an African American female historical actor.

– Other Visual Culture:

1. The Religious Souvenir (1839) – Idealized engraving promoting women’s piety, domesticity, and maternity within the home. Reflects consumerism of middle-class homes.

2. Life in Philadelphia (1828) – Satirical prints mocking free black Americans’ claims to respectability. Reveals racial prejudice of white northerners.

3. Photographs of slaves, plantation mistresses, and freedwomen (1850s-1860s) – Early photographs providing visual documentation of slave women’s lives and labor. Can be analyzed from both white and black perspectives.

4. Godey’s Lady’s Book illustrations (1840s-1850s) – Images of white, middle-class women reflecting tenets of True Womanhood. Useful for analyzing gender ideals and women as consumers.

5. Early factory workers (1854-1860) – Rare early occupational photos of female textile workers, showing pride in their jobs. Documents women’s experiences in early industrial wage labor.

The key is to provide enough descriptive detail to identify each image/document, its date, creator (if known), and subject matter. Then analyze the significance of the visual content and what it reveals about gender, labor, class, and race in this period.


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