, UUNet, Sprint, AT&T and Level3, who run the backbone of the internet even today, 23 years later.

I posted it on imgur, which spawned a little discussion too. Did a little more digging and rediscovered that NSFNet was created in 1986, which took over ARPANet in 1990.

Then in 1994, NFSNet was sold to four companies, UUNet, Sprint, AT&T and Level3, who run the backbone of the internet even today, 23 years later.

[uunet changed hands/merged/etc but the other three are still doing what they do]

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NOT EVERYBODY WAS HAPPY WITH THE WAY THE INTERNET WAS GOING COMMERCIAL:
 
The for-profit ANS CO+RE, the beginnings of the commercialization of the internet, began in May 1991
 
The backbone of NSFNet (successor of ARPAnet) was sold to commercial vendors (UUNET, Sprint, AT&T and Level3) starting in 1993 and the last was sold off in 1998.
 
You’d think SOMEBODY would be unhappy with preferential treatment being given to only a few large companies.
 
Indeed there was and still is. Cook. Still working hard at it.
http://www.cookreport.com/
 
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Networks that have excess bandwidth for use in research projects.

https://www.glif.is/publications/maps/

[this is not a map of all fiber optic in use]

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