There is a strong current in contemporary culture advocating ‘holistic’ views as some sort of cure-all. Reductionism implies attention to a lower level while holistic implies attention to higher level. These are intertwined in any satis- factory description: and each entails some loss relative to our cognitive preferences, as well as some gain … there is no whole system without an interconnection of its parts and there is no whole system without an environment. Varela, 1977. On being autonomous: the lessons of natural history for systems theory. In: George Klir (Ed.), Applied Systems Research. Plenum Press, New York. pp. 77 – 85

There is a strong current in contemporary culture advocating
‘holistic’ views as some sort of cure-all. Reductionism
implies attention to a lower level while holistic implies
attention to higher level. These are intertwined in any satis-
factory description: and each entails some loss relative to our
cognitive preferences, as well as some gain … there is no
whole system without an interconnection of its parts and
there is no whole system without an environment.
Varela, 1977. On being autonomous: the lessons of natural
history for systems theory. In: George Klir (Ed.), Applied
Systems Research. Plenum Press, New York. pp. 77 – 85

Leave a comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *


four × 2 =

Leave a Reply