The list provided describes various cognitive abilities, challenges to cognition, and applications of cognition. The cognitive abilities listed in 1.1 to 1.6 include the ability to comprehend written and spoken language, infer main ideas, identify centrality deficits, and recognize personal interests and biases. The challenges to cognition listed in 2.1 to 2.6 include limited processing time, lack of interest in the subject matter, a tendency to jump to conclusions, difficulty shifting between tasks, and problems with processing complex information using symbols. The applications of cognition listed in 3.1 to 3.11 include the ability to read sheet music, formulas, and new words, as well as the ability to recognize similarities and common causes, and to develop a sense of skepticism and gratitude. The hierarchies, ontologies, and taxonomies listed in 4.1 to 4.7 include the ability to create one’s own hierarchies, classify information ad hoc, accept constraining systems, and develop intuition and creativity. Overall, this list provides a broad overview of some of the cognitive abilities, challenges, and applications that are relevant to human cognition.
Cognitive abilities: Mental abilities that are related to the acquisition, storage, manipulation, and use of knowledge, including abilities such as reading comprehension, listening comprehension, and inferring main ideas.
Challenges to cognition: Factors that can impede or inhibit cognitive abilities, such as lack of processing time, lack of interest in the subject matter, and a tendency to jump to conclusions.
Applications of cognition: Ways in which cognitive abilities can be applied in real-world situations, such as reading sheet music, remembering symbols, and recognizing common causes.
Hierarchies, ontologies, and taxonomies: Systems for organizing and classifying information, including the creation of one’s own hierarchies, ad hoc classification, and acceptance of constraining systems.