Task Paradigm and Stimulus Modality in Time Perception Studies “Prior studies used mainly four types of task paradigms to measure time perception, namely, (1) time estimation, (2) time production, (3) time reproduction, and (4) time discrimination. In time estimation tasks, participants are asked to verbally estimate the duration of temporal intervals (Barkley et al., 2001). In time production tasks, participants have to produce specific temporal intervals (e.g., 5seconds) by indicating the start and end of the target intervals. In time reproduction tasks, specific time intervals are presented to participants using visual or auditory formats, after which participants were asked to reproduce the same target interval as the one they have just seen/heard. In time discrimination tasks, participants are presented with two or three temporal stimuli in visual or auditory format, and asked to indicate which one is “shorter/the shortest (or longer/the longest), or whether the stimuli last for the same duration (Huang et al., 2012).

Task Paradigm and Stimulus Modality in Time Perception Studies

“Prior studies used mainly four types of task paradigms to measure time perception, namely,
(1) time estimation,
(2) time production,
(3) time reproduction, and
(4) time discrimination.

In time estimation tasks, participants are asked to verbally estimate the duration of temporal intervals (Barkley et al., 2001).

In time production tasks, participants have to produce specific temporal intervals (e.g., 5seconds) by indicating the start and end of the target intervals.

In time reproduction tasks, specific time intervals are presented to participants using visual or auditory formats, after which participants were asked to reproduce the same target interval as the one they have just seen/heard.

In time discrimination tasks, participants are presented with two or three temporal stimuli in visual or auditory format, and asked to indicate which one is “shorter/the shortest (or longer/the longest), or whether the stimuli last for the same duration (Huang et al., 2012).

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