Indeed, whereas two analogous objects are structurally the same, a metaphor is like a projection onto a lower dimensional space, because there is a loss of certain qualities when the mapping takes place. A metaphor relates a literal thing to an abstraction. For example, the dot product between 2 vectors gives a scalar. It is a mapping from R^2 to the real line, whereas a matrix preserves dimension.

“Indeed, whereas two analogous … [read full article]


Using “TextRazor” it identified the following topics in this post with 100% certainty: A priori Abductive reasoning Analogy Analysis Arguments Assumption (reasoning) Cognition Cognitive science Concepts in logic Concepts in metaphysics Contemporary philosophy Critical thinking skills Decision-making Deductive reasoning Empiricism Epistemology Epistemology of science Inductive reasoning Inference Intelligence Justification (epistemology) Logic Logical consequence Logical truth Metaphilosophy Methodology Persuasion techniques Philosophical methodology Philosophical movements Philosophical theories Philosophy Propositions Reasoning Science Scientific method Statements Term logic Theoretical philosophy Truth Western philosophy

Using “TextRazor” it identified … [read full article]


Words change meaning on intention. This was an extremely high profile situation in which it was used in a derogatory fashion. She used it in the context of same-sex marriage. She was being evasive on answering about her opinion about same-sex marriage and it is in that context she used the phrase “sexual preference”. If you refer to sexual preference in the same area as same-sex marriage and you already are known to be against gay marriage, it is not rocket science to know the dog whistling at play there. That nifty video of all the other people using the phrase in an ENTIRELY DIFFERENT context, were not using it as a dog whistle but she was. Could Merriam Webster have made that change sooner. Sure they could have. But they didn’t. They made it after this event. Was this the first time making this change was ever on the list of things-to-do? I highly doubt it. But was it the straw? likely.

Words change meaning on
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Ian Derrington I am easily influenced and I’ve learned I have to be careful when things are “close but just different enough” One of my favorite examples is Prager U. they are one of the few media that I blocked from everything they are experts at taking a reasonable point but putting a slight spin to it – almost unnoticeable – and next thing you know you are agreeing with something you wouldn’t have otherwise. I could tolerate it until they went after Hans Rosling – poverty and population guru and blast of the Internet with a metaphor with gumballs that completely twisted around Hans Rosling’s points and had entirely different conclusions. It gained more traction and influence and it wasn’t long before you only would see the gumball analogy, which is wrong. it was so long ago that I don’t remember all the details but I realized them that if I wasn’t aware of rosling I would’ve agreed with them, as the differences were subtle but significant. 

Ian Derrington
I am … [read full article]