Rhetoric -> Gestalt. Figure of Thought Law of Symmetry (Follows)

Rhetoric -> Gestalt.
Figure of Thought
Law of Symmetry (Follows)
Antilogy A contradiction either in terms or ideas, e.g. “we will bomb them all for the sake of peace and human rights”
Antisagoge Using hypotheses to illustrate antithetical alternative consequences,e.g. “if we do it we live, if not we die”
Antithesis, Contrarium Juxtaposition of contrasting ideas or words in parallel structure, e.g. “it’s his right, but it feels so wrong”
Antitheton,Compositium ex A proof or composition constructed of contraries, e.g. “it may start well, but there is no glory in the end”
Cataphasis, Affirmatio A paralipsis in which one explicitly affirms the negative qualities that one then passes over
Colon, Membrum Completing a sentence with a second clause, e.g. “he loves her truly, since the first moment they met”
Correctio The amending of a term or phrase just employed, e.g. “love is madness, namely a sickness of the soul”
Dialysis, Divisio Spelling out alternatives or either-or arguments to conclude, e.g. “To avoid imbalance, either pull here or push there”
Dianoea, Subjectio The use of lively questions and answers, e.g. “Whyme? Because I am honest! Why now? For you are too!”
Dicaeologia Admitting what’s charged against one, but excusing it by necessity, e.g. “he did it, but couldn’t avoid it”
Dilemma Offering to an opponent a choice between two equally unfavourable alternatives, e.g. “pain or ridicule?
Dirimens copulatio Balancing one statement with a contrary/qualifying statement, e.g.“love, though thought through by age”
Enantiosis, Contentio Using opposing or contrary descriptions together, typically in a somewhat paradoxical manner
Epanorthosis, Correctio Amending a first thought by making it stronger or more vehement, e.g. “I’m so hungry today! I could eat you alive!”
Epexegesis Interpreting what one has just said, e.g. “it is the invisible brain, i.e. the irrationality of deregulated markets”
Hypallage, Submutatio Shifting the application of words, e.g. “The eye of man hath not heard, the ear of man hath not seen”
Hypozeuxis Every clause has its own verb: the opposite of zeugma
Hysterologia, Prepostera loquutio Interposing a phrase between a preposition and its object, often a vice
Metabasis, Transitio A transitional statement in which one explains what has been discussed until then and what will be said next
Metastasis, Transmotionem Denying and turning back on your adversaries arguments used against you
Oxymoron A compressed paradox, e.g. “pious orgy”
Paenismus Expressing joy for blessings obtained or an evil avoided
Parabola, Parabole Drawing of a parallel between two essentially dissimilar things, especially with a moral or didactic purpose
Paradiastole Referring to a vice as a virtue, e.g. “greed is good”
Paradiegesis An introductory narrative used to open a speech
Paradox A statement that is self-contradictory on the surface, yet seems to evoke a truth nonetheless, e.g. “love is pain”
Paromologia, Concessio Admitting a weaker point in order to make a stronger one, “I have no PhD, but the experiment is irrefutable”
Procatalepsis, Praeoccupatio Refuting anticipated objections
Prosapodosis Providing a reason for each division of a statement in parallel fashion
Proslepsis, Circumductio Paralipsis taken to its extreme, i.e. offering details of something in the very act of pretending to pass it over
Ratiocinatio Reasoning by asking questions at regular intervals
Restrictio Making an exception to a previously made statement, e.g. “seeking profit is fine, except when it is the sole aim of man”
Syncrisis Comparison and contrast in parallel clauses, e.g. “we praise justice; they decry the penalty”
Synoeciosis, Contrapositum A coupling of contraries yet not contrasted, e.g. “the day’s light excites us, the night’s darkness inspires us”
From: A classification of classics. Gestalt psychology and the tropes of rhetoric, Giorgio Baruchello


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