Rhetoric -> Gestalt. Figure of Thought Law of Similarity (Follows)

Rhetoric -> Gestalt.
Figure of Thought
Law of Similarity (Follows)
 
Antiprosopopeia, Antipersonification The representation of persons as inanimate objects, e.g. “that mountain walked in and terrified us all”
Antonomasia, Pronominatio Substituting a descriptive phrase for a proper name, e.g. “the man without the eye is Israel’s new president”
Apologue Presenting proofs through comparisons made in form of a fable that simplifies the matter being considered
Bomphiologia, Verborum bombus Self-aggrandising exaggeration, e.g. “I am the Jesus Christ of politics”
Catachresis, Abusio The use of a word in a context that differs from its proper one, e.g. “the table’s legs”
Chreia Employing a relevant anecdote which relates a saying or deed of someone well known
Circumlocution Talking around something by supplying a longer alternative description
Conceit An extended metaphor exploring the metaphoric possibilities in the qualities associated with a subject
Diasyrmus, Irrisio Rejecting arguments via ridiculous comparison, e.g. “Smith’s invisible hand is a child’s imaginary friend”
Enallage The substitution of grammatically different but semantically equivalent constructions
Epanodos, Reditus as propositum Repeating the main proofs or themes in the course of one’ speech and/or providing additional detail
Epimone, Commoratio Persistent repetition of the same plea in much the same words, “Save him, bring him back, rescue him!”
Euphemism Substituting a more favourable for a pejorative or socially delicate term, e.g. “soulless cocoon” for “corpse”
Exergasia, Expolitio Repetition of the same idea, changing either its words, its delivery, or the general treatment it is given
Hendiadys, Endiadis Expressing a single idea by two nouns instead of a noun and its qualifier, “the distinction and figure of him”
Homeosis Beautifying, enforcing and enlarging language through comparison by icons, parabolas or paradigms
Hyperbole, Superlatio Rhetorical exaggeration, e.g. “you never listen to me!”
 
Hypozeugma Placing last in a construction with several words or phrases of equal
 
Icon Painting, or comparing to another’s, the likeness of a person
 
Metalepsis,Transumptio Reference to something by means of another thing that is indirectly related to it, e.g. “blazing love”
Metaphor, Translatio A comparison made by referring to one thing as another, “King Richard is a lion”
Metonymy, Hypallage,Denominatio Reference to something or someone by naming one of its attributes, e.g. “the pen is mightier than the sword”
Mycterismus, A mock given with an accompanying gesture, such as a scornful
 
Parembole An interruption whose matter has a connection to the sentence subject
Parrhesia, Licentia Either to speak candidly or to ask forgiveness for so speaking
 
Periphrasis The substitution of a descriptive word or phrase for a proper name or, conversely, the use of a proper name as a shorthand to stand for
Polyptoton, Adnominatio Using a cognate of another word in close proximity, e.g. “the courageous priest is brave in uniting zeal and humility”
Prosopopeia,Personification Personification, e.g. “the Market tells governments what to do, not the voters”
Scesis onomaton A series of successive, synonymous expressions, e.g. “we were overwhelmed by their force, their power, their strength”
Simile, Similitudo An explicit comparison using “like” or “as”
 
Synecdoche, Intellectio A whole is represented by naming one of its parts or vice versa, e.g. “the police came to my door”
Synonymia, Nominis communio In general, the use of several synonyms together to amplify or explain a given subject or term
Tautologia, Inutilis repetitio eiusdem The unnecessary repetition of the same idea in different words
 
 
 
From: A classification of classics. Gestalt psychology and the tropes of rhetoric, Giorgio Baruchello
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