Other forms of movement besides Chemotaxis: Mechanotaxis (physical responses to physical conditions) [luidic shear stress, substrate stiffness gradients, etc] Durotaxis “The process of durotaxis requires a cell to actively sense the environment, process the mechanical stimulus, and execute a response. Originally, this was believed to be an emergent metazoan property, as the phenomenon requires a complex sensory loop that is dependent on the communication of many different cells. However, as the wealth of relevant scientific literature grew in the late 1980s and throughout the 1990s, it became apparent that single cells possess the ability to do the same. ” Haptotaxis “is the directional motility or outgrowth of cells, e.g. in the case of axonal outgrowth, usually up a gradient of cellular adhesion sites or substrate-bound chemoattractants (the gradient of the chemoattractant being expressed or bound on a surface, in contrast to the classical model of chemotaxis, in which the gradient develops in a soluble fluid.). These gradients are naturally present in the extracellular matrix (ECM) of the body during processes such as angiogenesis or artificially present in biomaterials where gradients are established by altering the concentration of adhesion sites on a polymer substrate” Plithotaxis ” plithotaxis is the tendency for each individual cell within a monolayer to migrate along the local orientation of the maximal principal stress, or equivalently, minimal intercellular shear stress.[1][2][3] Plithotaxis requires force transmission across many cell-cell junctions and therefore is an emergent property of the cell group.”

Other forms of movement besides Chemotaxis:
Mechanotaxis (physical responses to physical conditions) [luidic shear stress, substrate stiffness gradients, etc]

Durotaxis
“The process of durotaxis requires a cell to actively sense the environment, process the mechanical stimulus, and execute a response. Originally, this was believed to be an emergent metazoan property, as the phenomenon requires a complex sensory loop that is dependent on the communication of many different cells. However, as the wealth of relevant scientific literature grew in the late 1980s and throughout the 1990s, it became apparent that single cells possess the ability to do the same. “

Haptotaxis
“is the directional motility or outgrowth of cells, e.g. in the case of axonal outgrowth, usually up a gradient of cellular adhesion sites or substrate-bound chemoattractants (the gradient of the chemoattractant being expressed or bound on a surface, in contrast to the classical model of chemotaxis, in which the gradient develops in a soluble fluid.). These gradients are naturally present in the extracellular matrix (ECM) of the body during processes such as angiogenesis or artificially present in biomaterials where gradients are established by altering the concentration of adhesion sites on a polymer substrate”

Plithotaxis
” plithotaxis is the tendency for each individual cell within a monolayer to migrate along the local orientation of the maximal principal stress, or equivalently, minimal intercellular shear stress.[1][2][3] Plithotaxis requires force transmission across many cell-cell junctions and therefore is an emergent property of the cell group.”

So, from a cybernetic point of view, there’s no question of the intelligence of bacteria, either individually or collectively.

It seems reasonable that neuron would also innately possess at least a cybernetic intelligence, both collectively and individually.

Thermostats do as well and it is the same form of intelligence; responsiveness to environment in a manner that change the environment based on some kind of internally set goals.

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Yet, how might this link to consciousness or sentience? If at all.

 

 

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