Oh, yes when dealing with physical objects, because our human senses are generally similar across the planet, the physical categories are also very similar.
Likewise, but somewhat less so, our emotional capabilities are shared across the planet BUT that’s an area where culture – particularly upbringing – can color our self-awareness or coding of other people’s emotions or behaviors quite differently.
But for hard physical objects there won’t be much difference, no.
The strong sapir-whorf is likely not correct. But the weak sapir-whorf has empiracal validity.
Detection of octaves is one interesting one. Not every culture will code octaves the same way, or even at all.
Categories/concepts of course have changed significantly over time even within the same culture.
The further away you you get from things you can see with length, width and height, the more linguistic relativity becomes a potential issue in translation or understanding historical mindsets.