Number Example – Shorter Longer (Subject | Generalized Category | DDC Subj)

Number Example – Shorter Longer (Subject | Generalized Category | DDC Subj)
1 Candle burning down – Change is intrinsic Change is an intrinsic aspect of existence itself. All that is comprises processes of becoming rather than static beings. (Philosophy | Philosophy and theory | 100 Philosophy and psychology), (Quantum Mechanics | Natural sciences | 530.1 Theories and mathematical physics)
2 Jenga tower collapsing – Instability is fundamental Change pervades all levels of reality, from the subatomic to the cosmic. Stability is ephemeral, while flux is fundamental. (Chaos Theory | Natural sciences | 003 Systems), (Thermodynamics | Natural sciences | 536 Heat)
3 Rotting fruit – Nothing remains permanently fixed No entities or structures remain permanently fixed. All apparent forms undergo transformation over time. (Buddhism | Religious experience life and practice | 294.3 Buddhism), (Philosophy | Philosophy and theory | 100 Philosophy and psychology)
4 Dictionary revisions – Concepts evolve Our concepts and mental models are unstable and evolve. We cannot grasp the world through immutable categories. (Evolutionary Biology | Zoological sciences | 576.8 Evolution), (Linguistics | Linguistics | 400 Language)
5 River currents beneath calm surface – Stability underlaid by change Behind any semblance of stability is ongoing alteration. Equilibrium necessitates continuous flux and adjustment. (Physics | Natural sciences | 530 Physics), (Systems Theory | Applied physics | 003 Systems)
6 Thermostat adjustments – Maintaining stability requires work To maintain stability requires work. Systems self-regulate to compensate for disruptions, adapting to change. (Engineering | Technology | 600 Technology (Applied sciences)), (Thermodynamics | Natural sciences | 536 Heat)
7 Beach shifting with tides – Stability is relative/contextual Stability is relative, not absolute. Any steady state depends on context and eventually ceases. (Philosophy | Philosophy and theory | 100 Philosophy and psychology), (Relativity Theory | Natural sciences | 530.1 Theories and mathematical physics)
8 Surfer riding a wave – Steady states balance forces Steady states are dynamic balances between opposing forces. They persist through flows, not permanence. (Mechanics | Applied physics | 531 Classical mechanics), (Physics | Natural sciences | 530 Physics)
9 Willow tree sprouting leaves – Continuity via transformations Even continuity from one moment to the next involves change. It comprises an unbroken series of transformations. (Mathematics | Information | 510 Mathematics), (Topology | Information | 514 Topology)
10 Cells regenerating – Persistence via ceaseless regeneration Persistence requires ceaseless regeneration. Systems must recreate themselves to avoid disintegration over time. (Biology | Zoological sciences | 570 Life sciences), (Ecology | Zoological sciences | 577 Ecology)
11 Butterfly from caterpillar – The abiding involves metamorphosis Paradoxically, the abiding involves metamorphosis. The unchanged subsists through its endless alteration. (Evolutionary Biology | Zoological sciences | 576.8 Evolution), (Mythology | Literature rhetoric & criticism | 290 Other religions)
12 Hiker navigating mountain pass – Continuity links discontinuous states Continuity depends on change. It links discontinuous states through gradual transitions between them. (Mathematics | Information | 510 Mathematics), (Set Theory | Information | 511.3 Mathematical logic)
13 Kaleidoscope create changing patterns – Perception of change depends on reference frame Perceptions of change relate to one’s frame of reference. Different vantage points entail contrasting transformations. (Relativity Theory | Natural sciences | 530.1 Theories and mathematical physics)
14 Zooming out on flock of birds – Patterns change with scale The nature of changes varies with the context and scale of analysis. Patterns at one level may not exist at another. (Ecology | Zoological sciences | 577 Ecology), (Fractal Geometry | Natural sciences | 516.36 Fractals)
15 Rorschach inkblots – Distinct observers construe unique changes Distinct observers construe different changes. Transformation appears unique from each experiential standpoint. (Philosophy | Philosophy and theory | 100 Philosophy and psychology), (Quantum Mechanics | Natural sciences | 530.1 Theories and mathematical physics)
16 Forest fire enabling rebirth – Breakdown enables novelty Breakdown of old forms allows generation of novelty. Death nurtures new life amid nature’s endless creativity. (Innovation Studies | Business Studies | 658.4063 Innovation management), (Systems Theory | Applied physics | 003 Systems)
17 Compost heap – Death enables new life through energy recycling Death enables life by recycling matter and energy. Destruction makes way for creation in nature’s economy. (Ecology | Zoological sciences | 577 Ecology), (Environmental Science | Environmental Studies | 363.7 Environmental problems)
18 Demolishing a building – Disintegration enables new configurations Disintegration of existing orders enables new configurations to emerge. Dissolution prepares for regeneration. (Chaos Theory | Natural sciences | 003 Systems), (Evolutionary Biology | Zoological sciences | 576.8 Evolution)
19 Mixing paints – Transformation processes alter entities Change involves processes of transformation. It alters the characteristics, constitution, or condition of entities. (Developmental Biology | Zoological sciences | 576.5 Genetics), (Philosophy | Philosophy and theory | 100 Philosophy and psychology)
20 Wilting flowers – Change entails departing a prior state Change means deviating from a prior state. It entails variations in qualities, structures, or functions over time. (Differential Calculus | Natural sciences | 515.33 Differential calculus and equations), (Physics | Natural sciences | 530 Physics)
21 Bread rising – Change is an unfolding process Change is an unfolding process, not a singular event. It comprises continuous dynamics rather than discrete jumps. (Developmental Psychology | Psychological principles | 155 Differential and developmental psychology), (Process Philosophy | Philosophy and theory | 110 Metaphysics)
22 Theater stage transitions – Change has multiple facets Change has multiple facets. It can be analyzed from physical, biological, social, psychological, and other perspectives. (Multidisciplinary Studies | Sociology & anthropology | Can vary; may fall under 000 or specific to the subject being combined), (Sociology | Sociology & anthropology | 300 Social sciences)
23 Bear hibernating – Biological factors shape change Biological factors like drives and needs motivate organisms to change behavior to survive and reproduce. (Genetics | Biochemistry | 576.5 Genetics), (Physiology | Human physiology | 612 Human physiology)
24 Light bulb clicking on – Cognition shapes change patterns Psychological factors like cognition, emotion, personality shape patterns and readiness for change. (Behavioral Psychology | Psychological principles | 150 Psychology), (Cognitive Science | Psychological principles | 153.4 Cognition)
25 Reading book – Ideas challenge beliefs, instigating change Thoughts and ideas may instigate change as new information challenges old assumptions and beliefs. (Epistemology | Philosophy and theory | 121 Epistemology), (Social Psychology | Psychological principles | 302 Social interaction)
26 Wedding photo – Emotions drive willingness for change Emotions ranging from anger to curiosity drive change, affecting willingness to alter the status quo. (Neuroscience | Medical sciences | 612.8 Nervous system), (Psychology | Psychological principles | 150 Psychology)
27 Tree growing around fence – Environments compel adaptation Environments change, compelling adaptation. Resources, climate, external forces prompt transformations. (Ecology | Zoological sciences | 577 Ecology), (Evolutionary Biology | Zoological sciences | 576.8 Evolution)
28 New family moving to town – Social relationships instigate change Social relationships and cultural conditions instigate change. Collectives evolve norms, values, lifestyles. (Anthropology | Sociology & anthropology | 301 Sociology and anthropology), (Sociology | Sociology & anthropology | 300 Social sciences)
29 Cash register – Economics facilitate shifts in production/consumption Economic factors like innovation, trade, incentives, policies facilitate shifts in production, distribution, consumption. (Business Studies | Business Studies | 650 Management & auxiliary services), (Economics | Business Studies | 330 Economics)
30 Voting booth – Political change alters power dynamics Political change alters power dynamics. New ideologies, movements, and institutional changes transform societies. (History | History of ancient world | 900 History and geography), (Political Science | Social services; association | 320 Political science)
31 Student gaining skills – Change enables learning/development Change enables growth, learning, and development. It allows progression to more complex, sophisticated states. (Developmental Psychology | Psychological principles | 155 Differential and developmental psychology), (Education | Education | 370 Education)
32 Inventor tinkering – Change spurs innovation Change spurs innovation and creativity as organisms and systems generate novel solutions and outputs. (Business Studies | Business Studies | 650 Management & auxiliary services), (Technology | Technology | 600 Technology (Applied sciences))
33 Martial artist practicing – Adaptation develops resilience Change requires adaptation. Entities develop resilience by altering structures and functions to fit new conditions. (Ecology | Zoological sciences | 577 Ecology), (Psychology | Psychological principles | 150 Psychology)
34 Broken dish – Change can cause disruptions/instabilities Change causes disruption, turbulence, and instability. It can be an unwelcome distraction or crisis. (Economics | Business Studies | 330 Economics), (Systems Theory | Applied physics | 003 Systems)
35 Someone refusing gift – Resistance arises clinging to old ways Change breeds resistance as people cling to existing norms, ways of life, and conceptions of reality. (Psychology | Psychological principles | 150 Psychology), (Sociology | Sociology & anthropology | 300 Social sciences)
36 Packing up deceased’s belongings – Change involves loss/grief Change involves loss and grief as old assumptions, relationships, and ways of life pass away. (Philosophy | Philosophy and theory | 100 Philosophy and psychology), (Psychology | Psychological principles | 150 Psychology)
37 Ice melting – Physical changes rearrange matter/energy Physical changes involve transformations of matter and energy through interactions at molecular, atomic, and subatomic scales. (Chemistry | Natural sciences | 540 Chemistry), (Physics | Natural sciences | 530 Physics)
38 Litmus paper demonstrating acidity – Catalysts reveal change mechanisms Catalysts accelerate chemical changes while inhibitors slow or prevent them, revealing mechanisms of physical change. (Biology | Zoological sciences | 570 Life sciences), (Chemistry | Natural sciences | 540 Chemistry)
39 Walls supporting roof – Steady states balance opposing forces Many physical systems are kept in steady states by equilibria between opposing forces of change and constancy. (Physics | Natural sciences | 530 Physics), (Systems Theory | Applied physics | 003 Systems)
40 Uranium decaying – Radioactive decay shows intrinsic physical change Radioactive elements spontaneously decay through emissions of energy and particles, elucidating intrinsic physical change. (Nuclear Physics | Natural sciences | 539 Modern physics), (Quantum Mechanics | Natural sciences | 530.1 Theories and mathematical physics)
41 Model of nuclear reactor – Fusion/fission rearrange elements Nuclear processes of fusion and fission convert matter to energy, demonstrating equivalence between change and stability. (Chemistry | Natural sciences | 540 Chemistry), (Nuclear Physics | Natural sciences | 539 Modern physics)
42 Hourglass showing time elapsed – Isotopes decay at different rates Isotopes undergo radioactive decay at different rates based on instability, shedding light on drivers of physical change. (Nuclear Physics | Natural sciences | 539 Modern physics), (Radiology | Medical sciences | 616.07 Radiology & nuclear medicine)
43 Tea kettle boiling – Heat transfer enables phase changes Heat transfer drives changes of state and energy gradients that enable work. Thermodynamics illuminates principles of physical change. (Physical Chemistry | Natural sciences | 541 Physical chemistry), (Thermodynamics | Natural sciences | 536 Heat)
44 Puddle freezing over – Phase changes transform energy/structure Phase changes between solid, liquid, and gas involve physical changes as molecular energy and structure transform. (Materials Science | Technology | 620.1 Materials science), (Physical Chemistry | Natural sciences | 541 Physical chemistry)
45 Heat death of universe – Closed systems evolve toward entropy Entropy measures disorder and irreversible change. Closed systems evolve toward thermodynamic equilibrium and maximum entropy. (Chaos Theory | Natural sciences | 003 Systems), (Thermodynamics | Natural sciences | 536 Heat)
46 Fossils showing evolution – Physical principles enable adaptation over generations Evolution demonstrates physical principles of variation and selection over generations, enabling adaptation and speciation. (Evolutionary Biology | Zoological sciences | 576.8 Evolution), (Genetics | Biochemistry | 576.5 Genetics)
47 Sapling into tree – Organisms develop/grow via physical changes Organisms develop and grow through physical changes coordinated across hierarchical levels from cells to organisms. (Developmental Biology | Zoological sciences | 576.5 Genetics), (Physiology | Human physiology | 612 Human physiology)
48 Dog breeds – Variation enables adaptation through selection Physical variation in traits allows organisms to adapt through selection of beneficial traits that increase chances of survival. (Evolutionary Biology | Zoological sciences | 576.8 Evolution), (Genetics | Biochemistry | 576.5 Genetics)
49 Fashion trends – Social norms/values evolve over time Social norms and values change as beliefs, attitudes, and behaviors evolve across generations and cultures. (Cultural Anthropology | Sociology & anthropology | 306 Culture and institutions), (Sociology | Sociology & anthropology | 300 Social sciences)
50 Recycling bins – Cultural beliefs/attitudes change Cultural beliefs and attitudes change over time as societies reconsider assumptions, adopt new paradigms. (Cultural Anthropology | Sociology & anthropology | 306 Culture and institutions), (History | History of ancient world | 900 History and geography)
51 New holiday traditions – Traditions/customs transform Traditions and customs transform as each generation adapts cultural practices to align with emerging values and norms. (Anthropology | Sociology & anthropology | 301 Sociology and anthropology), (History | History of ancient world | 900 History and geography)
52 Protest march – Social change often arises through challenging conventions Social change often arises through innovations that challenge conventions and overhaul entrenched institutions. (Political Science | Social services; association | 320 Political science), (Sociology | Sociology & anthropology | 300 Social sciences)
53 Smartphones – Technology precipitates social change New technologies and automation precipitate social change by disrupting economic systems, work, communication, and lifestyle. (Information Technology | Technology | 004 Data processing & computer science), (Sociology | Sociology & anthropology | 300 Social sciences)
54 Traffic jam – Rapid change creates turbulence Rapid, disruptive social changes can overwhelm institutions, creating turbulence until new norms become established. (Economics | Business Studies | 330 Economics), (Systems Theory | Applied physics | 003 Systems)
55 Store sale signs – Markets/incentives reshape society Economic markets and incentives facilitate social change as shifts in supply, demand, and competition reshape society. (Business Studies | Business Studies | 650 Management & auxiliary services), (Economics | Business Studies | 330 Economics)
56 Farming to factory work – Production/consumption patterns shift Patterns of production and consumption change as societies adopt new technologies, needs, expectations, and values. (Economics | Business Studies | 330 Economics), (Global Studies | Sociology & anthropology | 327 International relations)
57 Imported goods – Trade relationships evolve due to various drivers Trade and exchange relationships evolve due to innovation, resource distributions, relative valuations, and market access. (Economics | Business Studies | 330 Economics), (Political Science | Social services; association | 320 Political science)
58 New political administration – Political change redistributes power Political change redistributes power, reshaping hierarchies, rights, and responsibilities between state, groups, and individuals. (Political Science | Social services; association | 320 Political science), (Sociology | Sociology & anthropology | 300 Social sciences)
59 Constitutional amendment process – Political institutions change through reforms Political institutions and governance systems change through reforms, revolutions, and policy directions of those in power. (Law | Social services; association | 340 Law), (Political Science | Social services; association | 320 Political science)
60 Voter ID laws – Political change expands/contracts rights Political change expands or contracts the rights and freedoms of individuals and groups within a society. (Human Rights | Ethical principles | 323 Civil & political rights), (Political Science | Social services; association | 320 Political science)
61 Optical illusions – Perceptual shifts change worldviews Cognitive shifts change perception, reshaping one’s worldview and altering thought patterns and motivations. (Philosophy | Philosophy and theory | 100 Philosophy and psychology), (Psychology | Psychological principles | 150 Psychology)
62 Laughing/crying masks – Emotional changes modify attitudes Emotional changes like mood swings modify attitudes and readiness for change by altering cost/benefit calculations. (Neuroscience | Medical sciences | 612.8 Nervous system), (Psychology | Psychological principles | 150 Psychology)
63 Family photo album – Identities transform over time Changes in personality and life experiences accumulate into transformations of self-identity over time. (Psychology | Psychological principles | 150 Psychology), (Sociology | Sociology & anthropology | 300 Social sciences)
64 Dog learning new trick – Change requires retraining reactions Behaviors arise through conditioned habits; change requires retraining reactions through new cues and rewards. (Cognitive Behavioral Therapy | Psychological principles | 616.8914 Cognitive therapy), (Psychology | Psychological principles | 150 Psychology)
65 Vegan cookbook – Practicing new behaviors enables change Individuals can intentionally change through practicing and internalizing new behaviors, thoughts, and emotions. (Behavioral Science | Psychological principles | 150 Psychology), (Psychology | Psychological principles | 150 Psychology)
66 AA meeting – Addiction recovery requires profound personal change Recovery from addiction requires profound personal change by rewiring behavioral patterns and thought processes. (Medical Science | Medical sciences | 610 Medicine & health), (Psychology | Psychological principles | 150 Psychology)
67 Baptism – Religious conversion entails radical worldview change Religious conversion entails radical change as an individual adopts a new worldview and belief system. (Sociology | Sociology & anthropology | 300 Social sciences), (Theology | Religious experience life and practice | 230 Christianity & Christian theology)
68 Praying hands – Conversion realigns goals/values A changed sense of meaning and purpose realigns goals, values, and priorities to create a new guiding framework. (Philosophy | Philosophy and theory | 100 Philosophy and psychology), (Psychology | Psychological principles | 150 Psychology)
69 Enlightened Buddha – Spiritual transformation indicates fundamental change of being Spiritual transformation indicates a fundamental change in being, involving the dissolution of ego and a shift in consciousness. (Philosophy | Philosophy and theory | 100 Philosophy and psychology), (Theology | Religious experience life and practice | 230 Christianity & Christian theology)
70 Adding bricks to wall – Incremental change accrues gradually Incremental change accrues gradually through steady, cumulative modifications and elaborations of existing forms. (Economics | Business Studies | 330 Economics), (Systems Theory | Applied physics | 003 Systems)
71 Coral reef – Sustained increments accumulate into transformations Sustained, incremental changes accumulate into substantial transformations over time. (Business Management | Business Studies | 658 General management), (Systems Theory | Applied physics | 003 Systems)
72 Sculpture being polished – Focused incremental improvements enhance via refinement Focused incremental improvements enhance quality, efficiency, and effectiveness through the refinement of processes. (Engineering | Technology | 600 Technology (Applied sciences)), (Quality Management | Business Studies | 658.562 Quality control)
73 Demolition – Radical change rapidly disrupts structures Radical change rapidly disrupts established structures, behaviors, and beliefs on a far-reaching scale. (Sociology | Sociology & anthropology | 300 Social sciences), (Systems Theory | Applied physics | 003 Systems)
74 Earthquake – Sudden change shocks status quo Sudden change shocks the status quo, forcing deep adaptation and rebuilding to establish a new stable state. (Economics | Business Studies | 330 Economics), (Political Science | Social services; association | 320 Political science)
75 iPhone – Innovative technologies precipitate radical transformations Innovative products, services, and technologies can precipitate radical transformations across entire societies. (Innovation Studies | Business Studies | 658.4063 Innovation management), (Technology | Technology | 600 Technology (Applied sciences))
76 Ferris wheel – Cyclical change repeats rise/fall patterns Cyclical change repeats rise and fall patterns as entities oscillate between extremes in characteristic rhythms. (Astronomy | Natural sciences | 520 Astronomy), (Economics | Business Studies | 330 Economics)
77 Day/night cycle – Cycles reflect oscillations between forces Periodic cycles of change reflect oscillations between competing forces and natural rhythms of activity. (Physics | Natural sciences | 530 Physics), (Systems Theory | Applied physics | 003 Systems)
78 High/low tides – Decline followed by resurgence via cyclic return After decline, resurgence restores previous levels through cyclical return, recovery, or reinvention of past conditions. (Ecology | Zoological sciences | 577 Ecology), (History | History of ancient world | 900 History and geography)
79 Tangled cords – Chaos frustrates analysis/control In chaotic systems, randomness and unpredictability frustrate analysis and control of change. (Mathematics | Information | 510 Mathematics), (Systems Theory | Applied physics | 003 Systems)
80 Rolling dice – Chaos produces divergent outcomes from initial conditions Chaotic change produces confusion via exponential divergence of outcomes from minute perturbations of initial conditions. (Mathematics | Information | 510 Mathematics), (Physics | Natural sciences | 530 Physics)
81 Flock of birds – Emergent order arises spontaneously Order emerges spontaneously in complex adaptive systems exhibiting dynamics seemingly random yet shaped by hidden patterns. (Sociology | Sociology & anthropology | 300 Social sciences), (Systems Theory | Applied physics | 003 Systems)
82 Architect’s plans – Intentional change pursues objectives through strategies Intentional, planned change pursues specific objectives through organized strategies and steps. (Business Strategy | Business Studies | 658.4012 Strategic planning), (Psychology | Psychological principles | 150 Psychology)
83 Scaling mountain – Vision-driven change aligns ambitious goals with actions Vision-driven planned change aligns incremental actions with ambitious overarching goals and ideals. (Philosophy | Philosophy and theory | 100 Philosophy and psychology), (Psychology | Psychological principles | 150 Psychology)
84 Lab experiment – Effecting change requires assessing conditions, interventions, and monitoring Effecting change requires assessing initial conditions, implementing interventions, and monitoring results. (Business Management | Business Studies | 658 General management), (Sociology | Sociology & anthropology | 300 Social sciences)
85 Slippery banana peel – Unplanned change arises spontaneously Unplanned change arises spontaneously through accidental occurrences and random conjunctions of events. (Ecology | Zoological sciences | 577 Ecology), (Economics | Business Studies | 330 Economics)
86 Firefighter – Adaptive change responds reactively to unpredictable circumstances Adaptive change responds reactively to unpredictable circumstances that arise suddenly through external forces. (Business Strategy | Business Studies | 658.4012 Strategic planning), (Evolutionary Biology | Zoological sciences | 576.8 Evolution)
87 Emergency response – Crises provoke systemic changes to address threats Crises provoke unplanned systemic changes to address urgent threats and risks through novel emergency measures. (Crisis Management | Social services; association | 658.4056 Crisis management), (Political Science | Social services; association | 320 Political science)
88 Slot machine – Quantum change results from probabilities collapsing In quantum systems, change results from sudden state transitions when probabilities collapse into defined values. (Philosophy | Philosophy and theory | 100 Philosophy and psychology), (Quantum Mechanics | Natural sciences | 530.1 Theories and mathematical physics)
89 Particle accelerator – Quantum changes enable traversing barriers by borrowing energy Quantum changes like tunneling let particles traverse apparently impermeable barriers by momentarily borrowing energy. (Chemistry | Natural sciences | 540 Chemistry), (Quantum Physics | Natural sciences | 530.1 Theories and mathematical physics)
90 Model of atom – Atoms absorb/release energy quanta by jumping orbitals Atoms absorb and release quanta of energy by making discontinuous leaps between distinct electron orbitals. (Atomic Physics | Natural sciences | 539.7 Atomic and molecular physics), (Chemistry | Natural sciences | 540 Chemistry)
91 Uranium sample – Radioactive decay is random Radioactive elements decay randomly over time by emitting energetic particles that transform nuclear components. (Nuclear Physics | Natural sciences | 539 Modern physics), (Radiology | Medical sciences | 616.07 Radiology & nuclear medicine)
92 Model of particle collision – Nuclear processes convert matter to energy Nuclear fusion and fission rearrange elemental composition by converting matter to energy in quantum leaps. (Energy Studies | Applied physics | 333.79 Energy), (Nuclear Physics | Natural sciences | 539 Modern physics)
93 Pool ball collision – Subatomic interactions involve discrete energy exchanges Subatomic interactions involve discrete exchanges of quantized energy as particles oscillate between possible states. (Nuclear Physics | Natural sciences | 539 Modern physics), (Quantum Mechanics | Natural sciences | 530.1 Theories and mathematical physics)
94 Two chemicals mixing – Bonds break/reform, rearranging components Chemical bonds break and reform through exchanges of electrons, reconstituting molecular structures and properties. (Biology | Zoological sciences | 570 Life sciences), (Chemistry | Natural sciences | 540 Chemistry)
95 DNA double helix model – Molecules adopt distinct shapes based on interactions Molecules adopt distinct shapes and orientations based on interactions between electrical charges and orbital geometries. (Chemistry | Natural sciences | 540 Chemistry), (Molecular Biology | Biochemistry | 572 Biochemistry)
96 Burning log – Chemical changes rearrange components via thermodynamic/quantum factors Chemical changes rearrange molecular components through reactions driven by thermodynamic and quantum factors. (Chemistry | Natural sciences | 540 Chemistry), (Thermodynamics | Natural sciences | 536 Heat)
97 Rubik’s cube – Protein folding alters conformations via residue interactions Protein folding alters molecular conformations to enable functions through interactions between amino acid residues. (Biochemistry | Biochemistry | 572 Biochemistry), (Molecular Biology | Biochemistry | 572 Biochemistry)
98 Soap bubble – Self-assembly creates structures via geometric/electrostatic forces Molecular self-assembly creates complex structures through spontaneous ordering driven by electrostatic forces and geometric compatibility. (Evolutionary Biology | Zoological sciences | 576.8 Evolution), (Genetics | Biochemistry | 576.5 Genetics)
99 Lego model being modified – Macromolecular changes alter activities by adding/removing groups Macromolecular changes like phosphorylation modify protein activities through addition or removal of functional chemical groups. (Cultural Studies | Sociology & anthropology | 306 Culture and institutions), (Sociology | Sociology & anthropology | 300 Social sciences)
100 Glowing jellyfish – Genetic/epigenetic changes modify expression/function Genetic mutations alter nucleotide sequences. Epigenetic changes like methylation reconfigure gene expression without changing DNA. (Genetics | Biochemistry | 576.5 Genetics), (Molecular Biology | Biochemistry | 572 Biochemistry)
101 Mitosis model – Cell division propagates changes by transmitting DNA Cell division propagates changes by transmitting mutated DNA to new cells. Stem cell differentiation passes alterations to specialized lineages. (Cellular Biology | Zoological sciences | 571 Physiology & related subjects), (Genetics | Biochemistry | 576.5 Genetics)
102 Cast off snake skin – Cellular senescence/death cause changes. Proliferation enables regeneration. Cellular senescence and death cause changes in tissue through the loss of irreplaceable cells, while proliferation enables regeneration. (Cellular Biology | Zoological sciences | 571 Physiology & related subjects), (Physiology | Human physiology | 612 Human physiology)
103 Dividing cell model – Differentiation allows tissues to develop specialized functions Cellular differentiation allows tissues to develop varied specialized functions through changes in gene expression and structure. (Developmental Biology | Zoological sciences | 576.5 Genetics), (Genetics | Biochemistry | 576.5 Genetics)
104 Inflating balloon – Growth expands structures. Deflating balloon – Atrophy shrinks tissues. Tissue growth expands structures by increasing cell mass and extracellular matrix. Atrophy shrinks tissues through cell loss. (Physics | Natural sciences | 530 Physics), (Psychology | Psychological principles | 150 Psychology)
105 Healing wound – Regeneration/healing repair damage via remodeling Regeneration and wound healing repair tissue damage via cell division, replacement of lost cells, and remodeling of structure. (Medicine | Medical sciences | 610 Medicine & health), (Physiology | Human physiology | 612 Human physiology)
106 Exercise equipment – Tissues adapt to stresses by remodeling constructively Tissues adapt to long-term stresses by remodeling the extracellular matrix and growing in constructive ways to enhance function. (Biomechanics | Applied physics | 612.76 Human movement), (Physiology | Human physiology | 612 Human physiology)
107 Tadpole into frog – Developmental changes transform organisms into adults Developmental changes transform immature organisms into adults capable of self-sustenance and reproduction. (Developmental Biology | Zoological sciences | 576.5 Genetics), (Genetics | Biochemistry | 576.5 Genetics)
108 Elderly person – Aging induces declining functions Aging induces tissue changes like decreased elasticity and neural plasticity alongside declining resistance to stress. (Gerontology | Medical sciences | 305.26 Aging), (Medicine | Medical sciences | 610 Medicine & health)
109 Diagram of hormones – Interactions produce emergent changes like menstruation Interactions between bodily systems produce emergent changes like the onset of menstruation through hormonal signaling. (Physiology | Human physiology | 612 Human physiology), (Systems Biology | Applied physics | 570 Life sciences)
110 Vinegar/baking soda – Chemical systems change to attain equilibrium Chemical systems change spontaneously to attain thermodynamic equilibrium, dissipating energy gradients and increasing entropy. (Physical Chemistry | Natural sciences | 541 Physical chemistry), (Thermodynamics | Natural sciences | 536 Heat)
111 Opening a partition – Energy disperses when concentrated Entropy increases universally as concentrated energy disperses into uniform heat during spontaneous equilibration processes. (Energy Studies | Applied physics | 333.79 Energy), (Thermodynamics | Natural sciences | 536 Heat)
112 Whirlpool – Dissipation enables emergent order Localized pockets of order emerge through dissipation as systems channel energy down gradients into self-reinforcing cycles. (Physics | Natural sciences | 530 Physics), (Systems Theory | Applied physics | 003 Systems)
113 Complex molecule – Complexity increases with local entropy decreases The apparent paradox of increasing complexity alongside increasing entropy is explained by isolated local decreases. (Complexity Theory | Applied physics | 003 Systems), (Systems Biology | Applied physics | 570 Life sciences)
114 Convection currents – Self-organization drives spontaneous order emergence Self-organization drives spontaneous emergence of order, yielding high complexity from simple constituent interactions. (Philosophy | Philosophy and theory | 100 Philosophy and psychology), (Psychology | Psychological principles | 150 Psychology)
115 Snowflake – Complexity often increases with entropy in open systems Complexity often increases along with entropy when open systems exploit gradients by creating new structures. (Systems Theory | Applied physics | 003 Systems), (Thermodynamics | Natural sciences | 536 Heat)
116 Water flowing downhill – Dynamic flows push systems into chaotic regimes Dynamic flows push systems far from equilibrium into chaotic regimes exhibiting self-organization and complex change. (Fluid Dynamics | Natural sciences | 532 Fluid mechanics), (Systems Theory | Applied physics | 003 Systems)
117 Benard convection cells – Dissipative structures arise when driven into instability Dissipative structures arise in thermodynamic systems driven into instability through increasing energy flows. (Complex Systems | Applied physics | 003 Systems), (Thermodynamics | Natural sciences | 536 Heat)
118 Leaf performing photosynthesis – Coupled reactions sustain/amplify processes Self-reinforcing chemical cycles enable spontaneous organization by coupling exergonic and endergonic reactions. (Biochemistry | Biochemistry | 572 Biochemistry), (Systems Biology | Applied physics | 570 Life sciences)
119 Tightrope walker – Systems achieve dynamic optimization under constraints Systems achieve dynamic optimization between multiple constraints by constantly adapting structures to changing conditions. (Economics | Business Studies | 330 Economics), (Systems Theory | Applied physics | 003 Systems)
120 Two trees growing together – Coevolution generates interdependent lineages of change In coevolution, long-term reciprocal interactions between entities generate interdependent lineages of change. (Ecology | Zoological sciences | 577 Ecology), (Evolutionary Biology | Zoological sciences | 576.8 Evolution)
121 Mangroves providing nurseries – Coevolution produces interconnected changes complicating causation Coevolution produces interconnected changes across interlinked systems, complicating causation patterns. (Evolutionary Biology | Zoological sciences | 576.8 Evolution), (Systems Theory | Applied physics | 003 Systems)
122 Scientist contemplating work – Responsible innovation aligns innovation with values Responsibility in creative change requires aligning innovations with ethical values to shape coevolution beneficially. (Ethics | Ethical principles | 170 Ethics), (Innovation Studies | Business Studies | 658.4063 Innovation management)
123 Caterpillar becoming butterfly – Adaptive entities generate novelty by transcending themselves Complex adaptive entities transcend themselves by generating novel forms, behaviors, and meanings. (Evolutionary Biology | Zoological sciences | 576.8 Evolution), (Philosophy | Philosophy and theory | 100 Philosophy and psychology)
124 Brainstorming session – Creativity enhances change dynamics Increasing organizational complexity enhances entities’ creative power to repossess their own dynamics of change. (Art Studies | Arts | 700 The arts), (Psychology | Psychological principles | 150 Psychology)
125 LEGO tower – Higher entities emerge from new combinations/constraints Novel higher-level entities emerge from combinations of lower-level systems governed by new dynamic constraints. (Philosophy | Philosophy and theory | 100 Philosophy and psychology), (Systems Biology | Applied physics | 570 Life sciences)
126 Sand mandala being swept – Existence is impermanent. Attachment causes suffering. Existence is characterized by ceaseless arising and passing. Attachment to permanence causes suffering. (Buddhism | Religious experience life and practice | 294.3 Buddhism), (Philosophy | Philosophy and theory | 100 Philosophy and psychology)
127 Grasping hand – Clinging causes frustration. Accept change for equanimity. Craving solidity amid impermanence multiplies frustration. Accepting the inevitability of change brings equanimity. (Buddhism | Religious experience life and practice | 294.3 Buddhism), (Psychology | Psychological principles | 150 Psychology)
128 Lotus flower – Openness allows appreciation of impermanence Openness to the fleeting nature of all phenomena allows appreciation of each temporary manifestation just as it is. (Philosophy | Philosophy and theory | 100 Philosophy and psychology), (Psychology | Psychological principles | 150 Psychology)
129 Net to represent interconnectedness – Changes reverberate across whole system Everything is interrelated. Changes in one element reverberate across all other elements. (Ecology | Zoological sciences | 577 Ecology), (Systems Theory | Applied physics | 003 Systems)
130 Looking down at traffic – Systems thinking illuminates connections Adopting holistic systems thinking illuminates connections between disparate changes across different domains. (Sociology | Sociology & anthropology | 300 Social sciences), (Systems Theory | Applied physics | 003 Systems)
131 Hand planting seed – With interconnectedness comes responsibility for positive change With interconnectedness comes responsibility to enact changes that resonate positively throughout the whole system. (Environmental Studies | Environmental Science | 363.7 Environmental problems), (Ethics | Ethical principles | 170 Ethics)
132 Path diverging in woods – Future open, shaped by present choices The possibilities of the future remain open. Change is not predetermined but shaped by present choices. (Futures Studies | Sociology & anthropology | 303.49 Forecasting), (Philosophy | Philosophy and theory | 100 Philosophy and psychology)
133 Fractal – Inexhaustible novelty from nature’s depths Ongoing creativity implies an inexhaustible wellspring of novelty bubbling up from nature’s depths. (Biology | Zoological sciences | 570 Life sciences), (Philosophy | Philosophy and theory | 100 Philosophy and psychology)
134 Trying to hold back ocean waves – Attempting to control change is futile Attempting to control change is futile. But we can foster conditions for emergent order grounded in wisdom. (Philosophy | Philosophy and theory | 100 Philosophy and psychology), (Systems Theory | Applied physics | 003 Systems)
135 Gardener – We shape change amid diverse influences We have agency to shape the direction of change, albeit within diverse enabling and limiting influences. (Philosophy | Philosophy and theory | 100 Philosophy and psychology), (Sociology | Sociology & anthropology | 300 Social sciences)
136 Compass – Choices influence outcomes, steering change toward ethical aims unpredictably Our choices influence outcomes, steering change processes toward ethical aims, though unpredictably. (Ethics | Ethical principles | 170 Ethics), (Philosophy | Philosophy and theory | 100 Philosophy and psychology)
137 People planting tree – Shaping reality is cooperative Shaping reality is a cooperative endeavor. The future’s possibilities call forth our full participation. (Philosophy | Philosophy and theory | 100 Philosophy and psychology), (Sociology | Sociology & anthropology | 300 Social sciences)
138 Toddler learning to walk – Adaptability strengthens capacities for flexible responsiveness Adaptability strengthens capacities to flexibly respond to changing circumstances with appropriate modifications. (Evolutionary Biology | Zoological sciences | 576.8 Evolution), (Psychology | Psychological principles | 150 Psychology)
139 Octopus camouflaging – Cultivating reconfiguration capacities allows entities to flourish amid volatility Cultivating skills for rapid reconfiguration and transformation allows entities to flourish amid volatility. (Biology | Zoological sciences | 570 Life sciences), (Systems Theory | Applied physics | 003 Systems)
140 Thermostat – Feedback/self-regulation enhances resilience by detecting/responding to disturbances Enhancing feedback and self-regulatory processes builds resilience by detecting disturbances and responding effectively. (Control Theory | Technology | 629.8 Control systems), (Systems Theory | Applied physics | 003 Systems)
141 Butterfly emerging from chrysalis – Rigid identities limit growth. Fluid identities enable self-transcendence Freezing the sense of self limits growth. But identities ever in flux open vast possibilities for self-transcendence. (Psychology | Psychological principles | 150 Psychology), (Sociology | Sociology & anthropology | 300 Social sciences)
142 Flower blooming then wilting – Embrace impermanence, not fixed selves Rather than grasping at solid selves, embrace the flow of change that carries you as fleeting manifestations. (Philosophy | Philosophy and theory | 100 Philosophy and psychology), (Psychology | Psychological principles | 150 Psychology)
143 Kaleidoscope – Impartiality reveals interconnectivity, fostering compassion From an impersonal, impartial standpoint, individual flux points merge into an indivisible movement. (Ethics | Ethical principles | 170 Ethics), (Philosophy | Philosophy and theory | 100 Philosophy and psychology)
144 Blind man gaining sight – Clarity enables skillful response. Confusion breeds reactivity. Seeing change clearly allows harmonious responsiveness. Confusion breeds reaction and further distortion. (Philosophy | Philosophy and theory | 100 Philosophy and psychology), (Psychology | Psychological principles | 150 Psychology)
145 Lotus position – Equanimity enables compassionate witnessing and skillful action Equanimity amid impermanence and unknowing permits compassionate witnessing and skillful, graceful action. (Philosophy | Philosophy and theory | 100 Philosophy and psychology), (Psychology | Psychological principles | 150 Psychology)
146 Balance scale – Wisdom discerns change skillfully with balance, creativity, compassion Wisdom mindfully discerns currents of change, responding with equanimity, creativity, and compassion. (Education | Education | 370 Education), (Philosophy | Philosophy and theory | 100 Philosophy and psychology)

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