These are all terms related to psychology and cognitive science. Empathy refers to the ability to understand and share the feelings of others. Cognitive refers to mental processes such as thinking, memory, and perception. Repertoire refers to the range of behaviors and skills that an individual has at their disposal. Theory of mind refers to the ability to understand that other people have their own thoughts, feelings, and perspectives. Categorization is the process of organizing things into categories. Inference is the process of using available evidence to draw a conclusion. ASD and ADHD are acronyms for autism spectrum disorder and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, respectively. Social anxiety is a type of anxiety characterized by fear of social situations. Temperaments are patterns of behavior and emotion that are relatively enduring across an individual’s lifespan. Personality refers to the unique patterns of thought, feeling, and behavior that make up an individual’s character. Alexithymia is a term used to describe individuals who have difficulty recognizing and expressing their own emotions. Embodied cognition is a theory that suggests that the mind and body are deeply interconnected and that mental processes involve the whole body, not just the brain. Motor refers to movement and action. Emotional states refer to an individual’s feelings at a particular time. A condition is an illness or disorder. Stuttering is a type of speech disorder in which the flow of speech is disrupted by repetitions, prolongations, or abnormal pauses. Language delay is when a child’s language development lags behind what is typical for their age. Mood refers to an individual’s emotional state. Panic is a type of intense fear or anxiety. Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) is a mental health disorder characterized by obsessions (recurring, unwanted thoughts) and compulsions (repetitive behaviors or mental acts). The brain is divided into various areas that are responsible for different functions. Cognitive systems refer to the mental processes that underlie particular abilities or functions. An abstract concept is a general idea or principle that is not tied to a specific instance or example. White matter is a type of tissue in the brain that is made up of axons (long, thin fibers that transmit electrical signals) and myelin (a fatty substance that surrounds and insulates axons). Motor timing refers to the coordination and control of movement in relation to time.
- Cognitive processes: empathy, theory of mind, categorization, inference, memory, perception
- Mental disorders: ASD, ADHD, social anxiety, OCD
- Personality: temperaments, traits
- Emotion: emotional states, mood
- Communication: stuttering, language delay
- Brain structure and function: brain areas, white matter, axons, myelin
- Cognitive theories: embodied cognition