Kenneth Sayre – surprised I’d never heard of him. 1976, came up with a neural monism based on information decades before anybody else – and is a bit different than I’d have expected. “Neutral monism” ” Kenneth Sayre, for example, turns to the mathematical theory of information and suggests that the neutral base is to be understood as the “ontology of informational states” (Sayre 1976: 16) that this theory presupposes.” ” Information as Ultimate Reality Anticipating the current revival in interest in neutral monism by a few decades, Kenneth Sayre (1929–) published his main ideas on neutral monism in the 1970s. Unlike the big three, Sayre finds the neutral base of his system not in experience, but in the Platonic realm of pure information, where information is understood in the strict information theoretical sense. His proposal must not be mistaken for the uncontroversial claim that that mental and physical processes can be described in information theoretic terms. Sayre puts forward an ontological claim about the ultimate nature of reality—that ultimate reality consists of informational states: ‘If the project…is successful, it will have been shown not only that the concept of information provides a primitive for the analysis of both the physical and the mental, but also that states of information…existed previously to states of mind. Since information in this sense is prior to mentality, but also implicated in all mental states, it follows that information is prior also in the ontological sense…Success of the present project thus will show that an ontology of informational states is adequate for an explanation of the phenomena of mind, as distinct from an ontology of physical events. [And Sayre adds:] It is a reasonable conjecture that an ontology of information is similarly basic to the physical sciences…. (Sayre 1976: 16)’ The greatest challenge faced by the traditional versions of neutral monism is to show how basic entities that are derived from experience can be neutral, rather than mental. By choosing an ontology of informational states as his “neutral stuff”, Sayre elegantly bypasses this problem. But while the neutrality of informational states may be taken for granted, the question of the relationship of this abstract “stuff” to concrete world of physical and mental entities becomes all the more pressing.” “Sayre’s main work on neutral monism is his 1976. More recently David Chalmers has explored the idea of an informational ontology (see Chalmers 1996). And the related ideas that ultimate reality purely structural (Ladyman and Ross 2007; Floridi 2008, 2009), that it is a computational process (Fredkin 2003; Lloyd 2006), or a purely mathematical (Tegmark 2014) are the subject of a lively discussion.” https://plato.stanford.edu/entries/neutral-monism/

Kenneth Sayre – surprised I’d never heard of him. 1976, came up with a neural monism based on information decades before anybody else – and is a bit different than I’d have expected.
“Neutral monism”
” Kenneth Sayre, for example, turns to the mathematical theory of information and suggests that the neutral base is to be understood as the “ontology of informational states” (Sayre 1976: 16) that this theory presupposes.”
 
” Information as Ultimate Reality
Anticipating the current revival in interest in neutral monism by a few decades, Kenneth Sayre (1929–) published his main ideas on neutral monism in the 1970s. Unlike the big three, Sayre finds the neutral base of his system not in experience, but in the Platonic realm of pure information, where information is understood in the strict information theoretical sense. His proposal must not be mistaken for the uncontroversial claim that that mental and physical processes can be described in information theoretic terms. Sayre puts forward an ontological claim about the ultimate nature of reality—that ultimate reality consists of informational states:
 
‘If the project…is successful, it will have been shown not only that the concept of information provides a primitive for the analysis of both the physical and the mental, but also that states of information…existed previously to states of mind. Since information in this sense is prior to mentality, but also implicated in all mental states, it follows that information is prior also in the ontological sense…Success of the present project thus will show that an ontology of informational states is adequate for an explanation of the phenomena of mind, as distinct from an ontology of physical events. [And Sayre adds:] It is a reasonable conjecture that an ontology of information is similarly basic to the physical sciences…. (Sayre 1976: 16)’
 
The greatest challenge faced by the traditional versions of neutral monism is to show how basic entities that are derived from experience can be neutral, rather than mental. By choosing an ontology of informational states as his “neutral stuff”, Sayre elegantly bypasses this problem. But while the neutrality of informational states may be taken for granted, the question of the relationship of this abstract “stuff” to concrete world of physical and mental entities becomes all the more pressing.”
 
“Sayre’s main work on neutral monism is his 1976. More recently David Chalmers has explored the idea of an informational ontology (see Chalmers 1996). And the related ideas that ultimate reality purely structural (Ladyman and Ross 2007; Floridi 2008, 2009), that it is a computational process (Fredkin 2003; Lloyd 2006), or a purely mathematical (Tegmark 2014) are the subject of a lively discussion.”
 
https://plato.stanford.edu/entries/neutral-monism/

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