Interesting question. Usually the best we’re able to do with the future is to take the past, flip it over the present into the other direction and call it “Future”. We take things we consider patterns and stretch them forward past the barrier of the now into the unknown.
Or we can treat the future like a dartboard. Throw guesses way out there, write down things and call them “plans” and break them down into achievable steps.
But perhaps there are other ways i’m not considering. It’s a good question you ask.