“Inferences from mental simulation and rule-based approach utilize different cognitive processes. Within mechanical reasoning, the representational medium and the referent is fundamentally spatial due to the science of motion. Motion is undeniably a spatial property. Therefore mechanical reasoning is determined by visual spatial information. For example the connectivity, shape, and location of objects. It also encompasses reasoning about non-visible yet spatially distributed objects such as force, magnetism, and velocity. Mental simulation is often complemented by the conscious occurrence of having a mental image of the physical circumstances. In the rule-based approach a sentential or propositional explanatory representation is a set of facts or universal rules about the representational medium and referent (Hegarty, 2004).” from https://sites.psu.edu/psych256sp15/2015/04/15/mechanical-problem-solving/

“Inferences from mental simulation and rule-based approach utilize different cognitive processes.

Within mechanical reasoning, the representational medium and the referent is fundamentally spatial due to the science of motion.

Motion is undeniably a spatial property.
Therefore mechanical reasoning is determined by visual spatial information.
For example the connectivity, shape, and location of objects.
It also encompasses reasoning about non-visible yet spatially distributed objects such as force, magnetism, and velocity.
Mental simulation is often complemented by the conscious occurrence of having a mental image of the physical circumstances.

In the rule-based approach a sentential or propositional explanatory representation is a set of facts or universal rules about the representational medium and referent (Hegarty, 2004).”

from https://sites.psu.edu/psych256sp15/2015/04/15/mechanical-problem-solving/

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