In short: for very preterm: Higher self-esteem! due to lower emotional/social awareness? ok.
SO, the “everything’s fine” shield is strong.
“The relation between very preterm birth and parent-rated social problems was significantly mediated by cognitive control but not by emotion recognition.”
“The findings of the present study suggest that adolescents born very preterm themselves do not experience problems in social interactions, but based on the findings of Indredavik et al it is presumed that the observations of parents and teachers, who did report social problems, provide a more accurate reflection of the social competence of these adolescents”