in English, “rule”, “rules” and “guidelines

in English, “rule”, “rules” and “guidelines” actually are slightly different from one another. But I wanted to find overlap. Looking at top 100 synonyms for each and finding what all three have in common, it narrows down to:
law
norm
norms
order
pattern
policy
principle
principles
provision
regulation
regulations
requirement
standard
standards
 
“norms”
“order”
“pattern”
“policy”
“principles”
“standards”
 
are my favorites.
“pattern” makes me think math/art/music
“norms” makes me think “when in rome do as the romans do”
“order” makes me think math, library.
“policy” makes me think of a location with rules that “Just are”.
“principles” makes me think of some kind of deep internal laws.
“standards” makes me think of an agreed upon thing that simply works.
But what’s closest to sense of duty?

Synonyms for “sense of duty”:
•inner voice (noun) – categorical imperative, moral code.
•motive (noun) – sense of duty, sense of shame.
•principle/principles (noun) – ethics, credo, conduct, character, tenet, opinion, policy, uprightness, code, system, faith, teaching, ideals, probity, rectitude, attitude, integrity, ethic.
•values (noun) – mores, Beliefs, Standards, morals.


“principle”
“principles”
“policy”
“standards”
 
A group of rules would be policy, standards, or principles.
A principle then is synonymous with rule and principles with rules. But it can carry the sense of guidelines and “sense of duty” as well.
 
So the winner so far is:
 
PRINCIPLE for rule
PRINCIPLES for rules
 
BUT – does the double meaning of principle (list of duties vs sense of duty) carry over into other languages?
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“principled” would be a good translation word for the sense of duty. I’ll use that.
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My translation sentences to catch different nuances and see where “rules” and “duty” overlap and if this is a relatively universal dual concept;
 
Principled
in principle
These are the principles you want to follow.
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 language,symbol,text
“Catalan”,”ca”,”Amb principis. En principi. Aquests són els principis que voleu seguir.”
“Chinese Traditional”,”zh-tw”,”有原則的。原則。這些是您要遵循的原則。”
“Czech”,”cs”,”Principiální. V zásadě. Toto jsou zásady, které chcete dodržovat.”
“Dutch”,”nl”,”Principieel. In principe. Dit zijn de principes die u wilt volgen.”
“Estonian”,”et”,”Põhimõtteline. Põhimõtteliselt. Need on põhimõtted, mida soovite järgida.”
“Finnish”,”fi”,”Periaatteellinen. Periaatteessa. Näitä periaatteita haluat noudattaa.”
“German”,”de”,”Prinzipiell. Allgemein gesagt. Dies sind die Prinzipien, denen Sie folgen möchten.”
“Hebrew”,”iw”,”עקרונית. בעקרון. אלה העקרונות שאתה רוצה לעקוב אחריהם.”
“Italian”,”it”,”Principio. In linea di principio. Questi sono i principi che vuoi seguire.”
“Korean”,”ko”,”원칙. 원칙적으로. 이것이 여러분이 따르고 싶은 원칙입니다.”
“Lithuanian”,”lt”,”Principinis. Iš esmės. Tai principai, kurių norite laikytis.”
“Malayalam”,”ml”,”തത്ത്വം. തത്വത്തിൽ. നിങ്ങൾ പിന്തുടരാൻ ആഗ്രഹിക്കുന്ന തത്വങ്ങൾ ഇവയാണ്.”
“Norwegian”,”no”,”Prinsipiell. I prinsippet. Dette er prinsippene du vil følge.”
“Portuguese”,”pt”,”Com princípios. Em princípio. Esses são os princípios que você deseja seguir.”
“Russian”,”ru”,”Принципиальный. В принципе. Это принципы, которым вы хотите следовать.”
“Slovak”,”sk”,”Princípne. V princípe. Toto sú zásady, ktoré chcete dodržiavať.”
“Spanish”,”es”,”De principios. En principio. Estos son los principios que desea seguir.”
“Tajik”,”tg”,”Принсипнок. Дар асл. Инҳо принсипҳое мебошанд, ки шумо мехоҳед риоя кунед.”
“Telugu”,”te”,”ప్రిన్సిపల్డ్. సూత్రం లో. ఇవి మీరు అనుసరించాలనుకునే సూత్రాలు.”
“Turkish”,”tr”,”İlkeli. Prensip olarak. Bunlar, takip etmek istediğiniz ilkelerdir.”
“Urdu”,”ur”,”اصولی۔ اصولی طور پر. یہ وہ اصول ہیں جن پر آپ عمل کرنا چاہتے ہیں۔”
“Vietnamese”,”vi”,”Có nguyên tắc. Về nguyên tắc. Đây là những nguyên tắc bạn muốn tuân theo.”
“Ukrainian”,”uk”,”Принциповий. В принципі. Це принципи, яких ви хочете дотримуватися.”
“Thai”,”th”,”หลักการ โดยหลักการแล้ว นี่คือหลักการที่คุณต้องการปฏิบัติตาม”
“Tamil”,”ta”,”கொள்கை. கொள்கைப்படி. இவை நீங்கள் பின்பற்ற விரும்பும் கொள்கைகள்.”
“Swedish”,”sv”,”Principfast. I princip. Det här är de principer du vill följa.”
“Slovenian”,”sl”,”Načelo. Načeloma. To so načela, ki jim želite slediti.”
“Serbian”,”sr”,”Принципијелно. У принципу. То су принципи које желите да следите.”
“Romanian”,”ro”,”În principiu. In principiu. Acestea sunt principiile pe care doriți să le urmați.”
“Polish”,”pl”,”Zasady. Zasadniczo. Oto zasady, których chcesz przestrzegać.”
“Marathi”,”mr”,”सिद्धांत. तत्वतः. आपण अनुसरण करू इच्छिता ही तत्त्वे आहेत.”
“Malay”,”ms”,”Berprinsip. Pada dasarnya. Ini adalah prinsip yang ingin anda ikuti.”
“Latvian”,”lv”,”Princips. Principā. Šie ir principi, kurus vēlaties ievērot.”
“Japanese”,”ja”,”原則。原則として。これらはあなたが従いたい原則です。”
“Indonesian”,”id”,”Berprinsip. Pada prinsipnya. Ini adalah prinsip yang ingin Anda ikuti.”
“Greek”,”el”,”Αρχή. Κατ ‘αρχήν. Αυτές είναι οι αρχές που θέλετε να ακολουθήσετε.”
“French”,”fr”,”Principe. En principe. Ce sont les principes que vous souhaitez suivre.”
“Filipino”,”tl”,”Prinsipyo. Sa prinsipyo. Ito ang mga prinsipyong nais mong sundin.”
“Esperanto”,”eo”,”Principita. Principe. Jen la principoj, kiujn vi volas sekvi.”
“Danish”,”da”,”Princippet. I princippet. Dette er de principper, du vil følge.”
“Croatian”,”hr”,”Načelan. U principu. To su principi koje želite slijediti.”
“Chinese Simplified”,”zh-cn”,”有原则的。原则。这些是您要遵循的原则。”
“Bulgarian”,”bg”,”Принципно. По принцип. Това са принципите, които искате да следвате.”
“Arabic”,”ar”,”مبدئي. مبدئيا. هذه هي المبادئ التي تريد اتباعها.”
“Bengali”,”bn”,”মূলতঃ নীতিগতভাবে. এই নীতিগুলি আপনি অনুসরণ করতে চান।”
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 of course being automatic translator, grain of salt. Nevertheless, a quick visual match without knowing the languages and I think that “sense of duty” and “list of duties” dual sense of principles _does_ overlap across languages.
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Does principle/principles as “sense of duty” and “list of duties” work in many languages with the same dual meaning? I’ll check: Yes.
 
Principled
in principle
These are the principles you want to follow.
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