I looked up Anticipatory Systems on a whim and wasn’t disappointed:
Systems encode models of themselves within themselves to anticipate future events using present circumstances + internal model.
In short, anticipation is more than memory but it’s an active process of internal modeling of a “standard” that’s subject to constant change that works as a built-in “what if” subsystem.
“Complex adaptive systems” is one of my favorite things. I DON’T like when people say “evolution” or “Darwinism” when it’s Complex adaptive systems. Of course they have commonalities – and perhaps Darwinism is a “special case” of complex adaptive systems, but I find them to be quite distinct.