How does one know one is not dreaming?

QUESTIONS AND MY ANSWER:
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QUESTIONS:
How does one know one is not dreaming? How could one logically demonstrate to a skeptic that one is “really” there, awake and not just dreaming the entire situation/world around him?

Specifically what I’m asking is: which if any philosophers have addressed this problem of how one knows one is or is not dreaming?

Which if any philosophies have attempted to evaluate the sense of claims like “I am not dreaming”?
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MY ANSWERS:
I have to treat them as distinct questions.

a) How does one know one is not dreaming?

Background is more stable in reality. It runs on a different mental track than foreground.

Any backgrounds in dreams are attached to the foreground.

This is true first through observation, then by research, then comparing further observations to research. Confirmed to my satisfaction.

b) How could one logically demonstrate to a skeptic that one is “really” there, awake and not just dreaming the entire situation/world around him?

Through a) which is a reasonable and rational demonstration although it might not be logical in the sense that I am not using the language of analytical logic for proof.

c) Specifically what I’m asking is: which if any philosophers have addressed this problem of how one knows one is or is not dreaming?

I don’t know.

d) Which if any philosophies have attempted to evaluate the sense of claims like “I am not dreaming”?

I don’t know.
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