health problems from allostatic load in extremely preterm births:
“Neurodevelopmental impairments: cerebral palsy, intellectual disability, learning disabilities, ADHD, autism spectrum disorder, motor impairments, language and communication disorders, cognitive deficits, behavioral problems, mental health issues.
Cardiovascular diseases: hypertension, coronary artery disease, stroke, heart failure, cardiomyopathy, arrhythmia, congenital heart disease, pulmonary hypertension.
Metabolic disorders: insulin resistance, type 2 diabetes, obesity, metabolic syndrome, dyslipidemia, liver dysfunction, kidney dysfunction, thyroid disorders.”
- Chronic stress
- Poor sleep quality
- Unhealthy diet
- Physical inactivity
- Exposure to environmental toxins
- Childhood trauma and adversity
- Low socioeconomic status
- Discrimination and social exclusion
- Chronic illnesses
- Genetic predisposition