|What distinguishes good from bad thinking? … How to improve thinking? His thinking? Thinking at all? …For more than two thousand years, many of the best minds in philosophy, logic, psychology, pedagogy, trying to find answers to these questions. The history of these efforts, brilliant ideas and the enormous labor expended on research and creative discussion is a vivid, dramatic picture.
The book is intended for anyone who wants to streamline and improve your mind. It is addressed to the knowledge workers of all professions and specialties: designers and educators, technologists and doctors, agronomists and mathematicians, biologists and economists, psychologists and oilmen, physicists and programmers, and so on. D.
He who briefly flipped through it, one might get the false impression that it is devoted to computers and programming. In fact it is not. It is not a thinking machine, but about people thinking about the mysteries and peculiarities of human cognition and intelligence. About mysterious traps and pitfalls that lie in wait for us in the difficult navigation on the boundless seas everyday mental work. For information on how to find salvation lighthouse and come to the goal by the shortest route.
The book proposes a new universal means to facilitate and improve the work of the mind, which can be used in many, almost all areas of mental activity. In itself, this tool does not have any relation to computers. Therefore, it can be successfully applied and those who do not like computers, treats them with suspicion or apprehension. You will need a pencil, paper and nothing more. In short, this tool is quite useful for improvement of the most common (beskompyuternoy) mental work.
However, fans of computer would benefit even more, since the said means can serve as the basis for a powerful new information technology as part of the next generation of information technology – cognitive information technologies.
Perhaps, the book falls into the hands of the reader, who would like to improve his mind, but that scare or annoy words such as “algorithm”, “software”, “formalization”. This grief is not difficult to help. Now we compose comic dictionary that although violates all canons of scientific rigor, but it is understandable for beginners.
Algorithm – a precise description of solving the problem, which leads to victory
Algorithm – accurately describe the sequence of human actions
Algorithm – an accurate and complete description of the work (activity) that allows other people to repeat this activity photographically accurate, without any deviation, and get the desired result
Visual algorithm – an algorithm, the image is not as text, but as a visual image
Visualization Algorithms – conversion algorithm, which is recorded as a bad and incomprehensible text into a good and clear picture
The cognitive – informative. It is an awkward word to remember, as it will come across at every turn
The program – a sequence of actions that people are too lazy to carry out himself, and therefore requests the computer or robot
Formal – detailed
A formal description – an accurate, unambiguous and complete description, devoid of gaps and ambiguities
Formalizing – turning the ordinary (poor) to describe the formal (nice)
Avtoformalizatsiya – is when a person performs a formalization itself, without resorting to the help of friends, relatives and bystanders
The formalization of activities – an exact description of the rules by which the activity is performed. During the formalization of activities should be split into separate steps, indicate the sequence of their execution, as well as the conditions under which (or not done) every action. As a result of the formalization description of the activity is transformed into an algorithm
Algorithmization – the same thing that the formalization of activities
Algorithmization – making order in the realm of anarchy, eliminating confusion and sloppiness, prompting technological discipline
Algorithmization – the process of creating an algorithm
Ergonomics – the science of how to turn a complex, difficult and nasty work in simple, easy and pleasant
Cognitive ergonomics – the science of how to facilitate and improve the mental work
Ergonomizatsiya science – facilitating and improving research activities
Ergonomizatsiya education – facilitating and improving training activities