Bayesian reasoning: As previously mentioned, this requires sustained attention, mental flexibility, and working memory, which can be challenging for individuals with ADHD.
Subjective probability: People with ADHD might have difficulty weighing their personal experiences, cognitive biases, and emotions to form accurate subjective probabilities. Impulsivity and inattention can also affect the accuracy of their judgments.
Belief revision: Individuals with ADHD may struggle with cognitive flexibility and the ability to consider alternative viewpoints. This can make it difficult for them to revise their beliefs in light of new information, especially when it contradicts their previous beliefs.
Signal detection theory: This psychological framework might be challenging for someone with ADHD due to the need to focus on complex decision-making processes, especially when distinguishing between true signals and noise.
Expected utility theory: ADHD can affect the ability to evaluate different options and assess their expected utility accurately. This is because the theory requires attention to detail and the ability to process multiple outcomes simultaneously.
Confirmation bias: People with ADHD might be more prone to this bias due to difficulties in regulating attention and processing contradictory information, making it harder for them to identify and correct their biased thinking patterns.
The availability heuristic: Individuals with ADHD may have trouble organizing and recalling information, which could lead them to rely more heavily on recent or emotionally impactful events when estimating probabilities.
The representativeness heuristic: People with ADHD might have difficulty processing complex information, leading them to rely more on stereotypes and representative examples to make judgments. This can result in errors in probability estimation.