Ah, individuation. I’d seen that mentioned in reference to Jung – who I never fully ‘ got’ and wondered if other similar theories also had that as the goal just went about it differently and if i was familiar with those instead. And Indeed I am: Maslow + Transactional Analysis I know best.
1. Jungian Psychology (Analytical Psychology): Involves integrating the conscious and unconscious aspects of the mind to achieve individuation, fostering self-awareness, and personal growth.
2. Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs: A five-tier model of human needs, often depicted as hierarchical levels within a pyramid, culminating in self-actualization, a state of realizing and fulfilling one’s potential.
3. Rogers’ Person-Centered Therapy: Emphasizes the individual’s inherent drive towards self-actualization and believes in the client’s capacity for self-directed growth if they are in a supportive therapeutic relationship.
4. Gestalt Therapy: Emphasizes personal responsibility and focuses on the individual’s experience in the present moment, the therapist-client relationship, the environmental and social contexts of a person’s life, and the self-regulating adjustments people make as a result of their overall situation.
5. Transactional Analysis: A psychoanalytic therapy that promotes personal growth and change. It’s based on the theory that each person has three ego-states: parent, adult, child. Individuation is achieved by understanding and balancing these states.
6. Existential Therapy: A unique form of psychotherapy that looks to explore difficulties from a philosophical perspective, focusing on the human condition as a whole, including themes like mortality, meaning, freedom, responsibility, anxiety, and aloneness.
7. Mindfulness-Based Therapies (like MBCT, MBSR): Focuses on developing a capacity for increased awareness and presence in the moment, reducing reactivity, and promoting acceptance, leading to self-understanding and wellness.
8. Internal Family Systems Therapy: Views the individual as containing an ecology of relatively discrete minds or subpersonalities, each with its own perspective and qualities. Healing and individuation come from the relationship between the “Self” and these parts.
9. Adlerian Psychology (Individual Psychology): Adlerians focus on the individual’s unique lifestyle and their movement toward a psychological goal of significance, competence, and contribution.
10. Psychosynthesis: An approach to psychology developed by Roberto Assagioli. It aims at personal development and self-realization, helping the individual to achieve a synthesis, a coming together, of all the various parts of their personality into a more cohesive self.