Abstracting constant conjunction away from philosophy, it can be seen as a general principle that describes how we form associations and predictions based on patterns of events that we observe. Similarly, abstracting the Kuramoto model away from mathematics, it can be seen as a representation of a system of interacting elements that exhibit coordinated behavior, where the coordination arises from the interactions among the elements of the system. Therefore, both constant conjunction and the Kuramoto model can be seen as describing patterns of behavior arising from interactions between elements, though the former is in a more general and observational level, while the latter is a mathematical representation of it.
Observation::Association and Interaction::Coordination.
Associations form from observing patterns of interactions.
Coordination can arise from the interactions among the elements of a system and these interactions can be observed and form patterns, which in turn can be associated with each other, describing a relationship or a coordination between those elements.