A quick glance at both of the author’s other works and these results are no surprise.
It is not biological when career aspirations are set within a framework of compulsory schooling.
” We analyzed student career aspirations in combination with student achievement in mathematics, reading, and science, as well as parental occupations and family wealth. In each country and region, more boys than girls aspired to a things-oriented or STEM occupation and more girls than boys to a people-oriented occupation. “
100 years ago as today, the educational frameworks are nearly identical across that time span and education is notoriously conservative, even in supposedly more egalitarian cultures.