80: New Jersey starts standardized testing.
Mar 81. 3rd Grade. Section 1:
1 of 3 wrong on: Make inferences about causes.
2 of 12 wrong on: Simple Reading Problems, computation objectives
Apr 85. 7th Grade.
Listening Comprehension: 45% (between 30-60)
Math Computation: 92% (when other math parts were higher)
“Listening comprehension” involves inferring.
“When we listen, we need to grasp information as we hear it; we can’t often have the information repeated. We don’t usually have visual aids, but we can infer a speaker’s meaning from the spoken words, the way they are spoken, and nonverbal factors (e.g., posture, intonation, speed, volume, facial expression).”